Genomic breakthrough in malaria research
An international consortium of researchers from the Institute of Cell Biology at the University of Bern and Umeå University in Sweden conducted a genome-wide deletion study to determine genes that are required for malaria parasite transmission. The results were presented in Cell on November 14. Read More
Single-molecule resolution technique allows researchers to quantify secondary transport
St. Jude researchers from Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute present new evidence about the mechanics of how secondary active transporter proteins function. This report is published in Nature on November 13. Read More
New imaging technique gains an advantage with deep-learning software
Researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute developed a new technique that applies deep learning to quantify images generated from fluorescence lifetime imaging. Details of the deep neural network they developed, called FLI-Net, are described in the November 12 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Read More
Is there a reproducibility problem with RNA-seq data?
Modern day technology has allowed scientists to analyze highly complex genomic data sets. However, with this comes increased challenges associated with reproducibility and misinterpretation of results from massive data sets. One such example, RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq), provides the ability to simultaneously measure gene expression levels of all genes in a sample in a single test. Read More
Targeted therapies can now be more effective with the use of ultrasound technology
Biomedical engineers from the University of Southern California in Los Angeles propose a new method to direct targeted drug release in the body using acoustics. The findings describing how they manipulated ultrasonic waves were published in Applied Physics Letters on November 12, 2019. Read More
Novel mitochondrial phenomenon helps explains early neurodegeneration
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine scientists discovered a novel pathway that leads to neurodegeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The study was published in Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience on November 7. The pathway could explain the development of early stages of neurodegeneration which affects voluntary muscle movement such as walking and talking. Read More
Modified CRISPR system aims to improve therapies for HIV, sickle cell disease
Researchers from City of Hope have improved the CRISPR-Cas9 system through novel sequence changes to the trans-activating RNA (tracrRNA). The improved tool could help to fast track new therapies for HIV, sickle cell disease and other immune conditions. The results were published in Scientific Reports on November 6. Read More
New nanoparticles help reduce inflammatory disease
Researchers from Washington State University have discovered a potential new treatment option for diseases associated with inflammation. The study, published in Science Advances on November 6, describes a new patent-pending nanotechnology that specifically targets activated neutrophils that compromise the immune system. Read More
Liver-Chip can now determine human-specific toxicities
A group of academic and industry researchers developed new Liver-Chips with four cell types found in the livers of rats, dogs, and humans. The idea was generated at Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard and then transferred to Emulate Inc., to provide real-time analysis of complex biochemical interactions and enhanced liver toxicity testing. Read More
Novel enzyme structure discovered by scientists
A research team at the University of California, Riverside, has discovered the structure of a novel RNA-modifying enzyme and identified the mechanism that controls substrate specificity. The study was published in Nature Communications on November 6 and explains how protein machinery in cells is regulated to target RNA molecules for modification. Read More
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